Smoking and Vaping

To nurture the skills of resilience is key to providing young people with the ability to cope with stress, adversity, failure and challenges. Resilience is evident when young people have a greater ability to “bounce back” when faced with difficulties and achieve positive outcomes.

Resilience is required to say “NO” to the offer of a cigarette or to smoke and vape and to withstand the pressure to conform to a group image.

Smoking
• It is estimated that each year about 207,000 children in the UK start smoking (www.ash.org.uk/Fact sheets)
• More than 80% of adult smokers started smoking as a teenager and 40% started smoking regularly before the age of 16.
• The Health Related Behaviour Survey for Cambridgeshire (2018) indicates that 18% of Year 10 boys and 24% of Year 10 girls reported that they were either currently smoking or had done so in the past.
• Whilst there is a downward trend in children and young people choosing to smoke, the Government aims to, by the end of 2022, reduce the number of 15-year-olds who regularly smoke from 8% to 3% or less.

 

Vaping
• In England and in Great Britain as a whole, experimentation with E-Cigarettes has steadily increased in recent years. However, regular use remains low, with 1.7% of 11 to 18 year olds in Great Britain reporting at least weekly use in 2018 (it was 0.4% among 11 year olds and 2.6% among 18 year olds).
• Vaping continues to be associated with smoking. The proportion of young people who have never smoked who use EC at least weekly remains very low (0.2% of 11 to 18 year olds in 2018).
• The proportion who haven’t smoked but have tried vaping is increasing.
• Studies from outside of the UK suggest a similar picture, with increasing experimentation and use of E-Cigarettes over time among youth. There is evidence from the US that increasing vaping is happening against a backdrop of reducing cigarette smoking. https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/vaping-in-england-an-evidence-update-february-2019 .

Over 90% of 15 year olds in England and across Cambridgeshire recognise that other people’s smoking can harm the health of non-smokers, although this percentage is lower in Peterborough.

In Cambridgeshire 1% of boys and girls in year 8 define themselves as regular smokers.

In Cambridgshire 6% of boys and 8% of girls in year 10 define themselves as regular smokers.

Children from disadvantaged backgrounds are much more likely to be born to mothers who smoke, and to suffer greater exposure to second-hand smoke as they grow up. They are also more likely to grow up with family members and friends who smoke.

Cambridgeshire’s smoking prevalence at age 15 is in line with the England average of 8.2%, however, Peterborough is higher at 9.1%.

Cambridgeshire Peterborough East of England England
Smoking prevalence at age 15 – current smokers (WAY survey) 2014/15 8.2% 9.1% 8.9% 8.2%

 

 

Effective interventions include tackling illegal sales, targeted campaigns and improving education about the harms of tobacco.

  • Develop a whole-school or organisation-wide smoke free policy in consultation with young people and staff.
  • Develop a policy that forms part of the wider healthy school strategy on wellbeing, sex and relationships education, drug education and behaviour.
  • Apply the policy to everyone using the premises (grounds as well as buildings), for any purpose, at any time. Do not allow any areas in the grounds to be designated for smoking (with the exception of caretakers’ homes, as specified by law).
  • Widely publicise the policy and ensure it is easily accessible so that everyone using the premises is aware of its content.
  • Ensure the policy supports smoking cessation in addition to prevention, by making information easily available to staff and students.

Most smokers start in adolescence during their school years. Smoking remains the single most preventable cause of premature death and ill health in society. Schools have an important role to play in the prevention of smoking amongst pupils and providing a safe environment, free from second hand smoke. In addition, smoking and the use of electronic cigarettes represent a health and safety issue for schools.

Schools are discouraged to use approaches that are proven to be least effective, such as scare tactics, ex-users, and knowledge-only approaches.

 

Parents and carers are offered information and advice to enable them to support their children.

Use clear referral pathways, for example into school nursing, school counselling, early help services, voluntary sector services, young people’s drugs and alcohol services or to a youth worker, as needed.

 

The facts about legal and illegal harmful substances and associated risks, including smoking, alcohol use, and drug taking.

 

  • The facts about legal substances and illegal substances, including drug-taking, and the associated risks, including the link to serious mental health conditions.
  • The facts about the harms from smoking tobacco (particularly the link to lung cancer), the benefits of stopping smoking and how to access support to do so.

 

Source – NICE and PHE December 2020

Local Support


Healthy You

Healthy You has been commissioned and funded by Cambridgeshire County Council and Peterborough City Council to provide a range of health and active lifestyle services for people in Cambridgeshire and Peterborough. The FREE services for Cambridgeshire and Peterborough residents who are looking to make changes to their lifestyle, include:- Training opportunities for partners For more information

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Life Education Cambridgeshire & Peterborough

We teach young people how amazing their bodies are and how the human body can be affected by drugs. Through the ‘life skills’ approach, children are enabled to practise how to make healthy decisions. We also provide young people with the knowledge, skills and self-confidence to enable them to make healthy choices. The programmes build

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